INTERNMENT AND RESETTLEMENT OPERATIONS Military Police

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DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Distribution authorized to the DOD and DOD
contractors only to protect technical or operational information from automatic
dissemination under the International Exchange Program or by other means. This
determination was made on 8 December 2008. Other requests for this document
must be referred to the Commandant, U.S. Army Military Police School, ATTN:
ATZT-TDD-M, 320 MANSCEN Loop, Suite 270, Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri 65473-
8929.
DESTRUCTION NOTICE: Destroy by any method that will prevent disclosure of
contents or reconstruction of the document.
HEADQUARTERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
This publication is available at
Army Knowledge Online (www.us.army.mil) and
General Dennis J. Reimer Training and Doctrine
Digital Library at (www.train.army.mil).
i
Field Manual
No. 3-39.40
Headquarters
Department of the Army
Washington, D.C., 12 February 2010
Internment and Resettlement Operations
Contents
Page
PREFACE …………………………………………………………………………………………….. viii
INTRODUCTION ……………………………………………………………………………………… xi
Chapter 1 INTERNMENT AND RESETTLEMENT AND THE OPERATIONAL
ENVIRONMENT …………………………………………………………………………………….. 1-1
Conduct ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1-1
Principles ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 1-3
Personnel Categories ……………………………………………………………………………… 1-5
Status Determination ………………………………………………………………………………. 1-7
Article 5 Tribunals …………………………………………………………………………………… 1-8
Appeals and Periodic Reviews of Civilian Internees ……………………………………. 1-9
General Protection and Care of Detainees, U.S. Military Prisoners, and
Dislocated Civilians ……………………………………………………………………………. 1-10
Agencies Concerned With Internment and Resettlement …………………………… 1-12
Protecting Power ………………………………………………………………………………….. 1-13
Planning Considerations for Internment and Resettlement Operations ………… 1-14
Military Police Capabilities …………………………………………………………………….. 1-16
Chapter 2 INTERNMENT AND RESETTLEMENT IN SUPPORT OF THE SPECTRUM OF
OPERATIONS ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-1
Support to Combat Operations ………………………………………………………………… 2-1
Support to Stability Operations ………………………………………………………………… 2-3
Support to Civil Support Operations ………………………………………………………….. 2-8
Army Command and Support Relationships ………………………………………………. 2-8
Considerations Within the Operational Area and the Area of Operations ………. 2-9
Chapter 3 COMMAND AND STAFF ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES ……………………… 3-1
National and Theater Reporting Agencies …………………………………………………. 3-1
Roles and Responsibilities
DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Distribution authorized to the DOD and DOD contractors only to protect technical
or operational information from automatic dissemination under the International Exchange Program or by other
means. This determination was made on 8 December 2008. Other requests for this document must be referred to
the Commandant, U.S. Army Military Police School, ATTN: ATZT-TDD-M, 320 MANSCEN Loop, Suite 270, Fort
Leonard Wood, Missouri 65473-8929.
*This publication supersedes FM 3-19.40, 4 September 2007.
Contents
ii FM 3-39.40 12 February 2010
Contents
12 February 2010 FM 3-39.40 iii
Transportation ……………………………………………………………………………………… 7-13
Transfer and Disposition of U.S. Military Prisoners …………………………………… 7-13
Chapter 8 REHABILITATION OF U.S. MILITARY PRISONERS AND DETAINEES ……… 8-1
Rehabilitation …………………………………………………………………………………………. 8-1
Section I – U.S. Military Prisoners …………………………………………………………. 8-2
Programs ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 8-2
Disposition Boards …………………………………………………………………………………. 8-2
Section II – Detainees …………………………………………………………………………… 8-7
Programs ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 8-7
Rehabilitation Programs ………………………………………………………………………… 8-10
Chapter 9 PAROLE, TRANSFER, OR RELEASE OF U.S. MILITARY PRISONERS
AND DETAINEES ………………………………………………………………………………….. 9-1
Release of U.S. Military Prisoners ……………………………………………………………. 9-1
Release or Transfer of Detainees …………………………………………………………….. 9-5
Transition of Detainee Operations to Civil Authority Penal Systems ……………… 9-9
Chapter 10 RESETTLEMENT OPERATIONS ………………………………………………………….. 10-1
Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………….. 10-1
Objectives and Considerations ………………………………………………………………. 10-1
Civil-Military and Resettlement Operations ………………………………………………. 10-2
Responsibilities for Civil Affairs Activities …………………………………………………. 10-2
Supporting Organizations ………………………………………………………………………. 10-6
Planning Considerations ……………………………………………………………………….. 10-6
Military Police Support to Resettlement Operations ………………………………….. 10-9
Dislocated Civilian Operations ……………………………………………………………… 10-11
Appendix A METRIC CONVERSION CHART …………………………………………………………….. A-1
Appendix B PRIMARY MILITARY POLICE UNITS INVOLVED WITH INTERNMENT AND
RESETTLEMENT …………………………………………………………………………………. B-1
Appendix C CONTRACTOR SUPPORT ……………………………………………………………………. C-1
Appendix D THE APPLICATION OF THE GENEVA CONVENTIONS TO INTERNMENT
AND RESETTLEMENT OPERATIONS ……………………………………………………. D-1
Appendix E AGENCIES CONCERNED WITH INTERNMENT AND RESETTLEMENT
OPERATIONS ………………………………………………………………………………………. E-1
Appendix F SAMPLE FACILITY INSPECTION CHECKLIST ………………………………………. F-1
Appendix G INTERNMENT AND RESETTLEMENT FORMS ……………………………………….. G-1
Appendix H USE OF FORCE AND RIOT CONTROL MEASURES ………………………………. H-1
Appendix I MEDICAL SUPPORT TO DETAINEE OPERATIONS …………………………………. I-1
Appendix J FACILITY DESIGNS AND SUSTAINMENT CONSIDERATIONS ………………… J-1
Appendix K PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS SUPPORT TO INTERNMENT AND
RESETTLEMENT OPERATIONS …………………………………………………………… K-1
Appendix L GUIDELINES FOR HANDLING EVIDENCE …………………………………………….. L-1
Appendix M BIOMETRICS ……………………………………………………………………………………….. M-1
Appendix N FOREIGN CONFINEMENT OFFICER TRAINING PROGRAM …………………… N-1
Contents
iv FM 3-39.40 12 February 2010
GLOSSARY ……………………………………………………………………………… Glossary-1
REFERENCES ………………………………………………………………………. References-1
INDEX …………………………………………………………………………………………… Index-1
Figures
Figure 1-1. I/R populations ………………………………………………………………………………….. 1-2
Figure 4-1. Detainee flow ……………………………………………………………………………………. 4-2
Figure 4-2. POC to TIF detainee flow …………………………………………………………………… 4-3
Figure 4-4. Movement by bus ……………………………………………………………………………. 4-16
Figure 4-5. Movement by cargo truck …………………………………………………………………. 4-16
Figure 4-6. Movement by rail …………………………………………………………………………….. 4-17
Figure 4-7. Movement by CH-47 and UH-60 ……………………………………………………….. 4-17
Figure 4-8. Movement by C-130 aircraft ……………………………………………………………… 4-18
Figure 6-1. Bed-down and basing continuum ………………………………………………………… 6-2
Figure 6-2. Example of a DCP layout …………………………………………………………………… 6-5
Figure 6-3. C2 within the BCT and the DCP ………………………………………………………….. 6-6
Figure 6-4. Example of a DHA …………………………………………………………………………… 6-10
Figure 6-5. C2 within the division and DHA …………………………………………………………. 6-11
Figure 6-6. ISN ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6-16
Figure 6-7. Sample TIF C2 in the theater with single or multiple small TIFs …………….. 6-18
Figure 6-8. Sample TIF C2 in the theater with an MPC and multiple TIF …………………. 6-19
Figure 9-1. Detainee reintegration considerations ………………………………………………….. 9-9
Figure 10-1. Sample facility rules……………………………………………………………………… 10-14
Figure D-1. Common Article 3 to the Geneva Conventions …………………………………….. D-2
Figure F-1. Sample internment facility inspection checklist ……………………………………… F-1
Figure F-1. Sample internment facility inspection checklist (continued) …………………….. F-3
Figure H-1. Use-of-force continuum …………………………………………………………………….. H-2
Figure J-1. 4,000-capacity I/R facility for compliant detainees …………………………………. J-2
Figure J-2. 8,000-capacity I/R facility for DCs………………………………………………………… J-3
Figure J-3. 300-capacity I/R facility for U.S. military prisoners or noncompliant
detainees ………………………………………………………………………………………… J-4
Figure J-4. 500-person compound ……………………………………………………………………….. J-7
Figure J-5. Detainee receiving and processing operation ……………………………………… J-10
Figure J-6. Clothing markings ……………………………………………………………………………. J-16
Contents
12 February 2010 FM 3-39.40 v
Tables
Table 4-1. Detainee operations functional overview ……………………………………………….. 4-6
Table 4-2. POC processing standards ………………………………………………………………….. 4-9
Table 5-1. Military police versus HUMINT responsibilities ……………………………………….. 5-4
Table 6-1. Nine-station internment process …………………………………………………………. 6-22
Table 6-2. Detainee transfer or release process from a TIF/SIF …………………………….. 6-39
Table 6-2. Detainee transfer or release process from a TIF/SIF (continued) ……………. 6-40
Table 7-1. Facility guards’ duties and actions ………………………………………………………… 7-9
Table 7-2. Good conduct time ……………………………………………………………………………. 7-10
Table 9-1. The detainee release process from long-term detention ………………………….. 9-7
Table 10-1. Actions during inprocessing ……………………………………………………………. 10-10
Table A-1. Metric conversion chart ……………………………………………………………………… A-1
Table G-1. I/R forms ………………………………………………………………………………………….. G-1
Table J-1. Sample individual equipment ……………………………………………………………… J-17
FM 3-39.40
INTERNMENT AND RESETTLEMENT OPERATIONS
February 2010
DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Distribution authorized to the DOD and DOD
contractors only to protect technical or operational information from automatic
dissemination under the International Exchange Program or by other means. This
determination was made on 8 December 2008. Other requests for this document
must be referred to the Commandant, U.S. Army Military Police School, ATTN:
ATZT-TDD-M, 320 MANSCEN Loop, Suite 270, Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri 65473-
8929.
DESTRUCTION NOTICE: Destroy by any method that will prevent disclosure of
contents or reconstruction of the document.
HEADQUARTERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
This publication is available at
Army Knowledge Online (www.us.army.mil) and
General Dennis J. Reimer Training and Doctrine
Digital Library at (www.train.army.mil).
FM 3-39.40
DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Distribution authorized to the DOD and DOD contractors only to protect technical
or operational information from automatic dissemination under the International Exchange Program or by other
means. This determination was made on 8 December 2008. Other requests for this document must be referred to
the Commandant, U.S. Army Military Police School, ATTN: ATZT-TDD-M, 320 MANSCEN Loop, Suite 270, Fort
Leonard Wood, Missouri 65473-8929.
*This publication supersedes FM 3-19.40, 4 September 2007.
i
Field Manual
No. 3-39.40
Headquarters
Department of the Army
Washington, D.C., 12 February 2010
Internment and Resettlement Operations
Contents
Page
PREFACE …………………………………………………………………………………………….. viii
INTRODUCTION ……………………………………………………………………………………… xi
Chapter 1 INTERNMENT AND RESETTLEMENT AND THE OPERATIONAL
ENVIRONMENT …………………………………………………………………………………….. 1-1
Conduct ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1-1
Principles ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 1-3
Personnel Categories ……………………………………………………………………………… 1-5
Status Determination ………………………………………………………………………………. 1-7
Article 5 Tribunals …………………………………………………………………………………… 1-8
Appeals and Periodic Reviews of Civilian Internees ……………………………………. 1-9
General Protection and Care of Detainees, U.S. Military Prisoners, and
Dislocated Civilians ……………………………………………………………………………. 1-10
Agencies Concerned With Internment and Resettlement …………………………… 1-12
Protecting Power ………………………………………………………………………………….. 1-13
Planning Considerations for Internment and Resettlement Operations ………… 1-14
Military Police Capabilities …………………………………………………………………….. 1-16
Chapter 2 INTERNMENT AND RESETTLEMENT IN SUPPORT OF THE SPECTRUM OF
OPERATIONS ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 2-1
Support to Combat Operations ………………………………………………………………… 2-1
Support to Stability Operations ………………………………………………………………… 2-3
Support to Civil Support Operations ………………………………………………………….. 2-8
Army Command and Support Relationships ………………………………………………. 2-8
Considerations Within the Operational Area and the Area of Operations ………. 2-9
Chapter 3 COMMAND AND STAFF ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES ……………………… 3-1
National and Theater Reporting Agencies …………………………………………………. 3-1
Roles and Responsibilities ………………………………………………………………………. 3-2
Contents
ii FM 3-39.40 12 February 2010
Joint Interrogation and Debriefing Center Commander/Military Intelligence
Battalion ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 3-7
Intelligence Analysts ………………………………………………………………………………. 3-8
Human Intelligence Collectors …………………………………………………………………. 3-8
Interpreters and Translators…………………………………………………………………….. 3-9
Military Police Organizations in Support of Internment and Resettlement
Operations ………………………………………………………………………………………… 3-10
Staff Duties and Responsibilities in Support of Internment and Resettlement . 3-12
Guard Force ………………………………………………………………………………………… 3-18
Chapter 4 CAPTURE, INITIAL DETENTION, AND SCREENING ……………………………….. 4-1
Detainee Flow ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 4-1
Detainee Processing ………………………………………………………………………………. 4-5
Custody and Accountability of Property, Evidence, and Intelligence
Information ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 4-12
Detainee Movement ……………………………………………………………………………… 4-15
Methods of Transportation …………………………………………………………………….. 4-16
Detainee Release …………………………………………………………………………………. 4-19
Chapter 5 DETAINEE OPERATIONS ……………………………………………………………………… 5-1
Command and Control ……………………………………………………………………………. 5-1
Planning Considerations …………………………………………………………………………. 5-2
Intelligence and Interrogation…………………………………………………………………… 5-3
Medical Support …………………………………………………………………………………….. 5-6
Dental Support ………………………………………………………………………………………. 5-8
Specific Detainee Support Requirements ………………………………………………….. 5-9
Detainee Deaths ………………………………………………………………………………….. 5-13
Legal Considerations ……………………………………………………………………………. 5-14
Chapter 6 DETAINEE FACILITIES …………………………………………………………………………. 6-1
General Considerations ………………………………………………………………………….. 6-1
Detainee Collection Point ………………………………………………………………………… 6-4
Detainee Holding Area ………………………………………………………………………….. 6-10
Fixed Detainee Internment Facilities ……………………………………………………….. 6-14
Theater Internment Facility ……………………………………………………………………. 6-17
Strategic Internment Facility ………………………………………………………………….. 6-37
Transfers or Releases …………………………………………………………………………… 6-38
Chapter 7 CONFINEMENT OF U.S. MILITARY PRISONERS ……………………………………. 7-1
U.S. Battlefield Confinement Operations Principles ……………………………………. 7-1
Planning Process for U.S. Military Prisoners ……………………………………………… 7-1
Battlefield Facilities ………………………………………………………………………………… 7-2
Processing, Classification, and Identification Requirements ………………………… 7-3
Clothing, Meals, and Dining Facilities ……………………………………………………….. 7-4
Medical Care and Sanitation ……………………………………………………………………. 7-5
Discipline, Control, and Administration ……………………………………………………… 7-6
Emergency Planning and Investigations ………………………………………………….. 7-11
Rules of Interaction ………………………………………………………………………………. 7-12
Use of Force ………………………………………………………………………………………… 7-12
Escape ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 7-12
Contents
12 February 2010 FM 3-39.40 iii
Transportation ……………………………………………………………………………………… 7-13
Transfer and Disposition of U.S. Military Prisoners …………………………………… 7-13
Chapter 8 REHABILITATION OF U.S. MILITARY PRISONERS AND DETAINEES ……… 8-1
Rehabilitation …………………………………………………………………………………………. 8-1
Section I – U.S. Military Prisoners …………………………………………………………. 8-2
Programs ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 8-2
Disposition Boards …………………………………………………………………………………. 8-2
Section II – Detainees …………………………………………………………………………… 8-7
Programs ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 8-7
Rehabilitation Programs ………………………………………………………………………… 8-10
Chapter 9 PAROLE, TRANSFER, OR RELEASE OF U.S. MILITARY PRISONERS
AND DETAINEES ………………………………………………………………………………….. 9-1
Release of U.S. Military Prisoners ……………………………………………………………. 9-1
Release or Transfer of Detainees …………………………………………………………….. 9-5
Transition of Detainee Operations to Civil Authority Penal Systems ……………… 9-9
Chapter 10 RESETTLEMENT OPERATIONS ………………………………………………………….. 10-1
Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………….. 10-1
Objectives and Considerations ………………………………………………………………. 10-1
Civil-Military and Resettlement Operations ………………………………………………. 10-2
Responsibilities for Civil Affairs Activities …………………………………………………. 10-2
Supporting Organizations ………………………………………………………………………. 10-6
Planning Considerations ……………………………………………………………………….. 10-6
Military Police Support to Resettlement Operations ………………………………….. 10-9
Dislocated Civilian Operations ……………………………………………………………… 10-11
Appendix A METRIC CONVERSION CHART …………………………………………………………….. A-1
Appendix B PRIMARY MILITARY POLICE UNITS INVOLVED WITH INTERNMENT AND
RESETTLEMENT …………………………………………………………………………………. B-1
Appendix C CONTRACTOR SUPPORT ……………………………………………………………………. C-1
Appendix D THE APPLICATION OF THE GENEVA CONVENTIONS TO INTERNMENT
AND RESETTLEMENT OPERATIONS ……………………………………………………. D-1
Appendix E AGENCIES CONCERNED WITH INTERNMENT AND RESETTLEMENT
OPERATIONS ………………………………………………………………………………………. E-1
Appendix F SAMPLE FACILITY INSPECTION CHECKLIST ………………………………………. F-1
Appendix G INTERNMENT AND RESETTLEMENT FORMS ……………………………………….. G-1
Appendix H USE OF FORCE AND RIOT CONTROL MEASURES ………………………………. H-1
Appendix I MEDICAL SUPPORT TO DETAINEE OPERATIONS …………………………………. I-1
Appendix J FACILITY DESIGNS AND SUSTAINMENT CONSIDERATIONS ………………… J-1
Appendix K PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS SUPPORT TO INTERNMENT AND
RESETTLEMENT OPERATIONS …………………………………………………………… K-1
Appendix L GUIDELINES FOR HANDLING EVIDENCE …………………………………………….. L-1
Appendix M BIOMETRICS ……………………………………………………………………………………….. M-1
Appendix N FOREIGN CONFINEMENT OFFICER TRAINING PROGRAM …………………… N-1
Contents
iv FM 3-39.40 12 February 2010
GLOSSARY ……………………………………………………………………………… Glossary-1
REFERENCES ………………………………………………………………………. References-1
INDEX …………………………………………………………………………………………… Index-1
Figures
Figure 1-1. I/R populations ………………………………………………………………………………….. 1-2
Figure 4-1. Detainee flow ……………………………………………………………………………………. 4-2
Figure 4-2. POC to TIF detainee flow …………………………………………………………………… 4-3
Figure 4-4. Movement by bus ……………………………………………………………………………. 4-16
Figure 4-5. Movement by cargo truck …………………………………………………………………. 4-16
Figure 4-6. Movement by rail …………………………………………………………………………….. 4-17
Figure 4-7. Movement by CH-47 and UH-60 ……………………………………………………….. 4-17
Figure 4-8. Movement by C-130 aircraft ……………………………………………………………… 4-18
Figure 6-1. Bed-down and basing continuum ………………………………………………………… 6-2
Figure 6-2. Example of a DCP layout …………………………………………………………………… 6-5
Figure 6-3. C2 within the BCT and the DCP ………………………………………………………….. 6-6
Figure 6-4. Example of a DHA …………………………………………………………………………… 6-10
Figure 6-5. C2 within the division and DHA …………………………………………………………. 6-11
Figure 6-6. ISN ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6-16
Figure 6-7. Sample TIF C2 in the theater with single or multiple small TIFs …………….. 6-18
Figure 6-8. Sample TIF C2 in the theater with an MPC and multiple TIF …………………. 6-19
Figure 9-1. Detainee reintegration considerations ………………………………………………….. 9-9
Figure 10-1. Sample facility rules……………………………………………………………………… 10-14
Figure D-1. Common Article 3 to the Geneva Conventions …………………………………….. D-2
Figure F-1. Sample internment facility inspection checklist ……………………………………… F-1
Figure F-1. Sample internment facility inspection checklist (continued) …………………….. F-3
Figure H-1. Use-of-force continuum …………………………………………………………………….. H-2
Figure J-1. 4,000-capacity I/R facility for compliant detainees …………………………………. J-2
Figure J-2. 8,000-capacity I/R facility for DCs………………………………………………………… J-3
Figure J-3. 300-capacity I/R facility for U.S. military prisoners or noncompliant
detainees ………………………………………………………………………………………… J-4
Figure J-4. 500-person compound ……………………………………………………………………….. J-7
Figure J-5. Detainee receiving and processing operation ……………………………………… J-10
Figure J-6. Clothing markings ……………………………………………………………………………. J-16
Contents
12 February 2010 FM 3-39.40 v
Tables
Table 4-1. Detainee operations functional overview ……………………………………………….. 4-6
Table 4-2. POC processing standards ………………………………………………………………….. 4-9
Table 5-1. Military police versus HUMINT responsibilities ……………………………………….. 5-4
Table 6-1. Nine-station internment process …………………………………………………………. 6-22
Table 6-2. Detainee transfer or release process from a TIF/SIF …………………………….. 6-39
Table 6-2. Detainee transfer or release process from a TIF/SIF (continued) ……………. 6-40
Table 7-1. Facility guards’ duties and actions ………………………………………………………… 7-9
Table 7-2. Good conduct time ……………………………………………………………………………. 7-10
Table 9-1. The detainee release process from long-term detention ………………………….. 9-7
Table 10-1. Actions during inprocessing ……………………………………………………………. 10-10
Table A-1. Metric conversion chart ……………………………………………………………………… A-1
Table G-1. I/R forms ………………………………………………………………………………………….. G-1
Table J-1. Sample individual equipment ……………………………………………………………… J-17
viii FM 3-39.40 12 February 2010

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